Tag Archives: theory

PID Control Theory Explained

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Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) control is the most common control algorithm used in industry and has been universally accepted in industrial control. The popularity of PID controllers can be attributed partly to their robust performance in a wide range of operating conditions and partly to their functional simplicity, which allows engineers to operate them in a simple, straightforward manner. 

NXT Laser Range Finding Camera Theory

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Below is Lego Mindstorms Compatible Laser Unit uses a 650nm 5mW (Red) laser module.  I wanted to create a small compact Laser Unit that fitted in as small a footprint as possible. The Laser Module and other electronics fits easily into a standard LEGO ‘2×4 Brick’, with a ‘2×3 plate’ & Technics Connector attached to the bottom. It would have been possible with some effort to fit all the parts within a ‘2×3 Brick’. I decided on a Fly-lead instead of a standard NXT style Socket to keep the unit compact. The Laser is very bright, despite it’s very small size, so as a range-finder the camera can pick it up from a far. Like a NXT Light Sensor’s Red LED, the Laser can be toggled on and of via Software.

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